English grammar

Module 4, Sentence Parts, Lesson 9:

Subject Complements

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English grammar

If the verb in a sentence is a linking verb instead of an action verb, then it cannot take a direct object.

Definition: A subject complement is the word after the linking verb that renames or describes the subject. It completes (not gives a compliment to) the verb.

Hayley is a nice girl. (girl renames Hayley)
Hayley is nice. (nice describes Hayley)

Subject complements can be nouns, pronouns, or adjectives. They are called predicate nouns, predicate pronouns (both can also be called predicate nominatives), and predicate adjectives.

Keith is our class president. (predicate noun)
The new substitute is he. (predicate pronoun)
All our students are responsible. (predicate adjective)

Practice What You've Learned

English grammar
Directions:
Use the toolbar above to mark up the sentences. Underline the subject once. Underline the verb twice. Underline the subject complement once (like the subject it completes). Then on the next line, identify the complement you chose as a predicate noun, predicate pronoun, or predicate adjective.
1.
The mountains in the distance look hazy.
2.
predicate noun / predicate pronoun / predicate adjective
3.
Kevin's car is new.
4.
predicate noun / predicate pronoun / predicate adjective
5.
The new student in our class seems friendly.
6.
predicate noun / predicate pronoun / predicate adjective
7.
Our new class president is she.
8.
predicate noun / predicate pronoun / predicate adjective
9.
Marco and Jerome may become professional basketball players.
10.
predicate noun / predicate pronoun / predicate adjective
11.
Those sunflowers will grow very tall.
12.
predicate noun / predicate pronoun / predicate adjective
13.
That computer file should have been my science report.
14.
predicate noun / predicate pronoun / predicate adjective
15.
Does this outfit look right for the party?
16.
predicate noun / predicate pronoun / predicate adjective
17.
Julia and Emily remained friends even after high school.
18.
predicate noun / predicate pronoun / predicate adjective
19.
The mountains between Spain and France are the Pyrenees.
20.
predicate noun / predicate pronoun / predicate adjective
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