Some nouns can act as adverbs, and some adverbs do unusual jobs.
Adverbial nouns may appear to be direct objects, but instead of answering the question "What?" they tell where, where to, how long, how far, or how much.
Where: We bicycle the back roads for safety and the scenery. Where to (direction): We sailed east from Florida. How long: The car ride lasted four hours. How far: I run two miles every morning. How much (measure): That mug holds eight ounces of hot cocoa. How much (value): That gold bar is worth two hundred dollars.
Interrogative adverbs ask a question. They include why, where, when, and how.
Why are you late? Where is your homework? When will you turn it in? How will you get a good grade?
Relative adverbs, like relative pronouns, connect clauses. They are the same words as the interrogative adverbs, when, where, and why.
That is the store where I bought that jacket.
That is the reason why we were late.
Last Tuesday was when I saw it last.
Conjunctive adverbs also join clauses together with a transition. They need a semicolon before them when joining sentences. Some common conjunctive adverbs are anyway, besides, consequently, finally, furthermore, however, instead, likewise, meanwhile, nevertheless, next, otherwise, specifically, still, subsequently, then, therefore, and thus.
We got a late start; however, we should be there on time.
I had been planning on going running; instead, I ran on my treadmill.
Practice What You've Learned
Using the toolbar, identify the bold-faced adverbs by type.
Whyare you here?
My birthday is the daywhenwe always go to that restaurant.
I realize that dress is expensive;nevertheless, it is the one I want.
The movie lasted almost threehours.
Whenwill you get your new shoes?
My grandmother's house is the placewhereshe was born.
We travelledsouthuntil we reached Key West.
I want to graduate early;therefore, I will have to take some summer classes.
My little sister is the reasonwhyI always try to set a good example.