English grammar

Module 7, Conjunctions and Interjections, Lesson 8:

Interjections

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English grammar
Definition:
An interjection is a word or group of words that expresses emotion. They can show happiness, surprise, anger, impatience, and many other emotions. They can also be used to get attention. Interjections do not have a grammatical purpose in the sentence. They are considered parenthetical and are set off with commas.
Some common (and less common) interjections
yes
no

hello
hi
hey
good-bye

absolutely
achoo
ack
agreed
ah
aha
ahem
ahh
ahoy
alas
alright
alrighty
anyhow
argh
bah
humbug
beware
blech
bravo
congratulations
crud
dang
darn
dear
dear me
drat
duh
eek
eh
enough
er
Eureka
eww
gee
good grief
gosh
great
groovy
ha
hmm
holy macaroni
hooray
humph
hush
indeed
mmmm
my goodness
my
nah
never
no way
nonsense
oh
oh, the horror
oops
ouch
phew
please
rats
shh
shoot
shucks
snap
stop
sweet
ugh
uh
uh-huh
uh-oh
um
umm
waa
way to go
well
what
whew
whoa
wow
yay
yikes
yippee
yuck
yum

As you can see, many interjections use onomatopoeia. Others are fad words. All of them are words we use that don't have any real meaning in the sentence.

Interjections are generally used at the beginnings of sentences, but they may come anywhere in the sentence.

At the beginning: Gee, that's not very nice.
At the end: You like that ice cream, huh?
In the middle: I found that, yes, I had forgotten my toothbrush.

Punctuating interjections

Interjections that express strong emotion are followed with an exclamation mark.

Oh no! I forgot to do my homework!

Mild interjections are set off from the sentence with a comma.

Rats, it's raining again.

Questioning interjections are followed by a question mark.

Huh? You want me to do what?

Occasionally an interjection might take a period, especially if it is at the end of the sentence.

Hey. What page are we on? (Note: Here hey is used to get attention before asking the question, so it isn't part of the question. It's not exclaimed, however, or the speaker might get in trouble.)

My sandwich is squished. Yuck.

Hint:
Interjections reflect the way we speak in informal situations. They are generally avoided when writing in formal or academic situations.

Practice What You've Learned

English grammar

Part 1

Directions:
Click on the interjections in the following sentences.
1.
Please, show me your ticket.
2.
That does, indeed, look like a real painting.
3.
My goodness, that was a lot of stairs.
4.
Good grief, I have looked everywhere for my glasses, and here they are.
5.
Those leftovers stink! Phew!
6.
Yes, your homework is due today.
7.
Shh, we are taking a test.
8.
Well, I'm not sure what kind of tree it is.
9.
Beware! There are monsters in that closet!
10.
It's Friday! Hooray!

Part 2

Directions:
Click the space after each interjection as many times as needed to get the correct punctuation mark. One click for a comma, two for a period, three for an exclamation mark, and four for a question mark.
11.
Holy  ,.!? macaroni  ,.!? I  ,.!? hope  ,.!? Batman  ,.!? gets  ,.!? here  ,.!? in  ,.!? a  ,.!? hurry!
12.
No  ,.!? I  ,.!? don't  ,.!? like  ,.!? pineapple  ,.!? on  ,.!? my  ,.!? pizza.
13.
Gosh  ,.!? I  ,.!? never  ,.!? knew  ,.!? you  ,.!? had  ,.!? won  ,.!? the  ,.!? lottery!
14.
Crud  ,.!? I  ,.!? forgot  ,.!? to  ,.!? pack  ,.!? my  ,.!? lunch.
15.
Enough  ,.!? Stop  ,.!? arguing!
16.
It's  ,.!? only  ,.!? Thursday.  ,.!? Darn  ,.!?
17.
Nonsense  ,.!? vegetables  ,.!? are  ,.!? good  ,.!? for  ,.!? you.
18.
You  ,.!? think  ,.!? you  ,.!? should  ,.!? have  ,.!? gotten  ,.!? an  ,.!? A?  ,.!? Indeed  ,.!?
19.
Alrighty  ,.!? let's  ,.!? get  ,.!? started.
20.
Mmmm  ,.!? that  ,.!? stew  ,.!? smells  ,.!? delicious.
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