English grammar

Module 8:

Review Verbals and Phrases

Score:
English grammar
English grammar

Verbals

Directions:
Identify the bold-faced word as verb or verbal.
1.
The roses growing in my grandmother's garden were planted when my mother was born.
verb / verbal
2.
I think that wearing glasses makes you look smart.
verb / verbal
3.
While we were skateboarding at the park, my mother was looking for us.
verb / verbal
4.
We need to buy a new vacuum cleaner every year because my dog sheds so heavily.
verb / verbal
Directions:
Click on the verbal in each sentence. You may need to click on two words if the verbal is an infinitive.
5.
Sorted into teams, the players ran out onto the field.
6.
After he ran into the doorframe, Joshua had two black eyes and a broken nose.
7.
Eating celery burns more calories than are in the celery.
8.
You need to make your mother a birthday gift since you are broke.

Participles and Participial Phrases

Directions:
Click first on a participle then the noun it modifies. Repeat for each participle in the sentence. Don't include participles that are part of verb phrases.
9.
David's bent and broken bicycle could not be repaired after his accident.
10.
Geronimo, beaten but not broken, was sent to Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
11.
The melting chocolate needs to go in the fridge along with the refrigerated groceries.
12.
Abused and abandoned, the toys lay in the bottom of the closet.
Directions:
Click on all the words in the participial phrase(s) in each sentence.
13.
Hiking up the steep trail, the campers looked forward to their adventure.
14.
Driving cautiously, the student driver navigated the course.
15.
This pizza, cut into six slices, is just enough for our group.
16.
Absorbed by their computer, the gamers didn't hear their mother's voice.

Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Participial Phrases

Directions:
Identify the bold-faced participial phrase as restrictive or nonrestrictive. Commas have been left out on purpose.
17.
The protestors refusing to give up their struggle marched for equal voting rights for all.
restrictive / nonrestrictive
18.
Olivia playing tennis now with her father will be ready to go at six.
restrictive / nonrestrictive
19.
The crane pecking at its reflection in the car door was determined to protect its territory.
restrictive / nonrestrictive
20.
The lifeguards watching the beach are there for our safety.
restrictive / nonrestrictive

Misplaced Participial Phrases

Directions:
Click on the word modified by the underlined participial phrase.
21.
I kept an eye on the puppies in the yard sweeping the porch.
22.
Rolling in the dirt, my mother watched our little puppy.
23.
We were able to see many deer driving along the back roads.
24.
Slithering into its hole, we watched the black snake.

Gerunds and Gerund Phrases

Directions:
Click on the gerund(s) in each sentence. Make sure not to click on participles used as adjectives or as part of verb phrases.
25.
After much discussion about how to get to the mall, we settled on walking.
26.
Your cooking smells delicious.
27.
Reading is a great way to make the plane ride seem shorter.
28.
Sam usually enjoys sailing.
Directions:
Click on all the words in the gerund phrase(s) in each sentence.
29.
Our first step should be reading the directions.
30.
During the summer, I enjoy not having to get up early.
31.
Telling the truth is usually the best choice.
32.
I am looking forward to meeting your relatives from Germany.

Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases

Directions:
Click on both words in the infinitive(s) in each sentence.
33.
My dog loves to chase squirrels, but has learned that it is pointless to try to catch the birds.
34.
Learning to share is an important skill most little children need to learn.
35.
My sister and I used to fight in the back seat of the car when we went on family trips.
36.
I go to Renaissance Fairs because I like to wear princess dresses.
Directions:
Click on all the words in the infinitive phrase(s) in each sentence.
37.
I warned you not to pet that skunk; he's a wild one.
38.
Please remember to whisper in the library.
39.
You forgot to take your lunch with you this morning.
40.
If you want to run late at night, take a running partner with you.

Classifying Verbals and Verbal Phrases

Directions:
Identify each bold-faced verbal or verbal phrase as a participle/participial phrase, gerund/gerund phrase, or infinitive/infinitive phrase.
41.
Lining up in alphabetical order, the students went to get their school pictures taken.
participial phrase / gerund phrase / infinitive phrase
42.
Do you promise to tell the truth?
participial phrase / gerund phrase / infinitive phrase
43.
After the storm, fallen trees blocked many roads.
participle / gerund / infinitive phrase
44.
Don added walking on the treadmill to his everyday exercise routine.
participial phrase / gerund phrase / infinitive phrase

Appositives

Directions:
Click on the appositive noun in each sentence. Then click the word it renames to draw an arrow.
45.
My new puppy, an Akita, is lying in the living room snoring.
46.
Amelia's favorite movies, horror movies, are too scary for me to watch.
47.
The detective, a twelve-year-old girl, managed to solve mysteries the adults couldn't.
48.
That bat, the hoary bat, looks like its back is frosted with silver.

Appositive Phrases

Directions:
Click on all the words in each appositive phrase in each sentence.
49.
Hurricanes and typhoons, two kinds of cyclone, spin counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere.
50.
Augustus, Rome's first emperor, never called himself emperor.
51.
In Alfred Hitchcock's film Psycho, a black and white film, chocolate syrup was used for blood.
52.
Blue whales, the largest animals on earth, were hunted almost to extinction.

Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Appositives

Directions:
Identify the bold-faced appositive as restrictive or nonrestrictive. Commas have been left out on purpose.
53.
The spider a large hairy tarantula crept across my foot.
restrictive / nonrestrictive
54.
Daria's dessert a brownie topped with ice cream and hot fudge made us all envious.
restrictive / nonrestrictive
55.
Emily's dog Duchess is a rescue dog, but her dog Duke is from the pet store.
restrictive / nonrestrictive
56.
My math teacher Mrs. Harrison taught me lots of useful shortcuts.
restrictive / nonrestrictive

Absolute Phrases

Directions:
Click on all the words in the absolute phrases in the sentences below.
57.
The chastised dog hung her head, spaghetti hanging from her mouth.
58.
The correct answers revealed, it was clear which team had won.
59.
The teacher distracted by the phone call, the class began fooling around.
60.
My dog, the thunderstorm having finally ended, crept cautiously out of the closet where she had been hiding.
Score: