English grammar

Module 9, Clauses, Lesson 6:

Classifying Dependent Clauses

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English grammar

To classify a dependent clause, you need to determine how the dependent clause relates to the independent clause. If it is replacing a noun, it is a noun clause. Try replacing it with the indefinite pronouns something or someone.

I know that you were late yesterday. (I know something.)
I bought these cards for whenever I might need some extras. (I bought these cards for something.)

If it is modifying a noun, it is an adjective clause. An adjective clause tells which one or what kind.

The birds that are singing so loudly are monk parakeets.

If it is modifying a verb, adjective, or adverb, it is an adverb clause. An adverb clause modifying a verb tells when, where, how, why, to what extent, or under what conditions. Adverb clauses can be moved around in the sentence.

Before you eat that brownie, you should read the ingredients.
You should read the ingredients before you eat that brownie.

The team was relieved that the referee's call went their way.
In the library, we worked quietly so we wouldn't disturb anyone.

Practice What You've Learned

English grammar
Directions:
Identify each bold-faced clause as a noun clause, an adjective clause, or an adverb clause.
1.
We were so happy that the rain had finally stopped.
noun clause / adjective clause / adverb clause
2.
The book that I bought was the sequel to one I had already read.
noun clause / adjective clause / adverb clause
3.
Before you go to bed, you should always brush and floss your teeth.
noun clause / adjective clause / adverb clause
4.
What I told you was supposed to be a secret.
noun clause / adjective clause / adverb clause
5.
We are all worried that the movie will be too scary.
noun clause / adjective clause / adverb clause
6.
The detective solved the mystery that had baffled so many others.
noun clause / adjective clause / adverb clause
7.
My cell phone always dies if I forget to plug it in at night.
noun clause / adjective clause / adverb clause
8.
The fairy tales that my mother read to me years ago inspired my love of writing fantasy.
noun clause / adjective clause / adverb clause
9.
I have hidden all the presents I bought under the bed so that my mother won't find them.
noun clause / adjective clause / adverb clause
10.
I didn't notice that you had gotten a haircut.
noun clause / adjective clause / adverb clause
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