English grammar

Module 10, Capitalization, Lesson 9:

Conventions

Score:
English grammar

Capitalize the first words of greetings and closings of letters. Sometimes family relationship titles are used in place of names. Remember to capitalize them. If the greeting or closing is more than one word, only capitalize the first.

Dear Sally, ... Love, Jeff
Dear Sis, ... Your sister, Lisa
My dear Gertrude, ... Love always, Josephine

People often use family titles as names in greetings and closings of letters. The titles are capitalized. Sometimes the family titles are not part of the name and aren't capitalized. Watch carefully.

Dear Aunt Susan, ... Your niece, Jessie. (Susan's name is Aunt Susan, but Jessie doesn't call herself Niece Jessie.)
Dear Mom, ...
My dear mother, ...

Capitalize the first word of each line of traditional poetry. How can you tell if poetry is traditional? The first word of each line is capitalized. Basically, do whatever the poet did.

Roses are red,
Violets are blue,
Sugar is sweet,
And so are you.

Capitalize the word O. It is generally used in formal addresses, prayers, or poetry. It is not the same as the interjection oh. Frequently, but not always, the word after the O is capitalized because it is a direct address used as a name.

You are the woman of my dreams, O Juliet.
Tell me, O Muse, of that ingenious hero ... (The Odyssey)
You, O most beautiful lady, are my inspiration ...

Capitalize the first word in each line of an outline. Also capitalize the letter i in Roman numerals and the letters in the first layer of the outline.

I. Types of transportation
A. Things that fly
1. Airplanes
a. Propeller airplanes
b. Jet aircraft
2. Helicopters

Practice What You've Learned

English grammar
Directions:
Click on the words that should be capitalized.
1.
Dear Aunt Sally, ... Love Always, Nicole
2.
I. Cats
A. Large Cats
1. Tigers
2. Lions
B. Domestic Cats
1. Shorthairs
2. Siamese
3.
O Beautiful, For Spacious Skies
4.
Some Say The World Will End In Fire,
Some Say In Ice
From What I've Tasted Of Desire
I Hold With Those Who Favor Fire.
Robert Frost
5.
Dear Mr. Jonas, ... Sincerely Yours, Sylvia
6.
When People See You, O Liberty, ...
7.
The Oleander On The Wall
Grows Crimson In The Dawning Light,
Though The Grey Shadows Of The Night
Lie Yet On Florence Like A Pall.
Oscar Wilde
8.
I. English Legends
A. Medieval
1. Robin Hood
2. Ivanhoe
9.
Greetings To My Family, ... Your Son, Robert
10.
Beauty, O Beauty, ...
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