Module 11, Capitalization, Lesson 4:

Names of Groups of People


Because you capitalize the names of places, you capitalize the words that come from them. Capitalize the names of nationalities or ethnic groups, languages, and their adjectives.

German, Caucasian, Asian, Japanese

Capitalize the names of religions, religious followers, holidays, and religious writings.

Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism
Christians, Jews, Muslims, Hindus
Christmas, Hanukkah, Ramadan, Holi
Bible, Torah, Koran, Vedas

The names of gods and goddesses are capitalized. The Judeo-Christian god is named God, since they believe He is the only one. Believers also capitalize pronouns (like he and him) when referring to God. "God" is only capitalized when being used as a name. The Muslim name Allah is a translation of the name God. When referring to Greek, Roman, and other groups of gods and goddesses, only the name is capitalized.

God, Allah
Greek god Zeus, Egyptian goddess Isis

When people form a group and give it a name, it should be capitalized. Capitalize names of organizations, institutions, stores, businesses, teams, political parties, and government bodies.

Do not capitalize words like hospital, high school, church, etc. unless they are part of the name. Examples: I will be in high school next year. Last year I attended Wilson Middle School.
League of Women Voters, Knights of Columbus, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Lakeland Middle School, Florida State College, Walter Reed Army Hospital, Tony's Auto Body Shop, Beachside Toys, Suzy's Bakery, South Fork Printing, Safe Arms Insurance Agency, HNJ Raiders, Chicago Bulls, Democratic Party, Republicans (but not when describing - a democratic government), Department of Agriculture, Central Intelligence Agency

Capitalize the abbreviations of organization names as well.


Practice What You've Learned

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Click on the words and letters that should be capitalized.
The Philippine People Speak Tagalog.
Your Essay Is On Islam; Mine Is On Buddhism.
Next Christmas, We Should Make Sure To Talk About Hanukkah And Kwanzaa, Which Are Both Celebrated During The Same Season.
Jews, Christians, And Muslims Are All Monotheistic; They Believe In Only One God.
The Students At Davidson Middle School Will Go To High School At Several Different Schools.
When I Finish College At Hudson University, I Hope To Be Recruited To Work As A Spy For The ciaCiaCIaCIA.
The Workers At Geraldo's New Mexican Restaurant, Tres Amigos, All Got A Raise.
The Ancient Egyptians Used To Worship Osiris And Believed That The Pharaoh Was The Living God Horus.
Using God's Name In Vain Is Offensive To Most Religious Christians, Jews, And Muslims.
In Our Country, We Have A Democratic Government With Two Main Parties: The Democrats And The Republicans.