English grammar

Module 2, Pronouns, Lesson 2:

Cases of Personal Pronouns

English grammar

The cases of pronouns are used differently in sentences.

Subject Object Possessive
I we me us my, mine our, ours
you you you you your, yours your, yours
he, she, it they him, her, it them his, her, hers, its their, theirs

Definition: Subject pronouns (also called nominative pronouns) are used as the subjects of sentences or as subject complements following linking verbs.

bit the monster.

I bit the monster ... You bit the monster ... He bit the monster ... She bit the monster ... It bit the monster ... We bit the monster ... They bit the monster.

The superhero was . (linking verb)

The superhero was I ... The superhero was you ... The superhero was he ... The superhero was she ... The superhero was it ... The superheroes were we ... The superheroes were they. (Linking verbs work backwards as well - I was the superhero.)

Note: In informal speech, it is now acceptable to say things like "It's me" instead of "It is I," even though it is not technically grammatically correct.

Definition: Object pronouns (also called objective pronouns) are used as direct objects, indirect objects, or objects of prepositions.

The monster bit .

The monster bit me ... The monster bit you ... The monster bit him ... The monster bit her ... The monster bit it ... The monster bit us ... The monster bit them.

Definition: Possessive pronouns show ownership.

  • Note that there are no apostrophes in the possessive pronouns. They are born showing ownership, so they don't need 's added to them to show ownership. It's is the contraction for it is.
  • My, your, his, her, its, our, your, and their are usually classified as possessive pronouns, but they are more accurately possessive adjectives. They always modify a noun. (My pencil instead of the pencil is mine.)

Practice What You've Learned

English grammar
Choose the correct pronoun to fill in the sentence.
went to the dance last Friday.
She, Her, Hers
When James found his book, was very happy.
he, him, his
The waitress brought the dessert to .
we, us
The new radio host is .
she, her, hers
Sally and her friend brought empty bags to the recycling center.
they, them, their
If your friend has a comment, should fill out a form.
she, her, hers
The driver of the truck lost keys.
he, him, his
The receptionist in the office gave an appointment slip to .
I, me, my
The skier went down the mountain as fast as was able.
he, him, his
Harry gave a bouquet of flowers.
she, her, hers